Asthma is a disease of the small airways of the lung. It affects 235 million people in the world. It’s a disease that can never be cured completely, but thanks to medications, people can live with quite well. An asthma attack can be a terrifying experience. Suddenly, the person feels oppressed. It’s like trying to breathe through a blocked up straw.
So, what happens during these asthmaattacks?
You breathe in air through your mouth or nose. It goes down your trachea into your lungs. That’s how oxygen gets into your blood. During an asthma attack, the bronchial tubes get smaller. The air can’t get through and the whole body reacts: wheezing, cold sweat, the heart beats very fast… Most attacks only last a few minutes. Others can last longer and are dangerous. Sometimes people even die… Luckily, there are several medications. It’s important to know which one to take and when. Thanks to them, people who suffer from asthma can still do sports; even at top level!
How do you get asthma?
Asthma is often hereditary. If one of your parents has asthma, you may get it too. It can also be caused by allergies: pollens, dust, cigarette smoke, or pollution… The first Tuesday in May is World Asthma Day: to let people know about this illness and how to treat it. It’s worth talking about!